A simple slide, the classic backyard amusement, can offer children of all ages hours of entertainment. Some slides attach to playground swing sets; lightweight, smaller freestanding models suit younger children ideally. When selecting a slide, keep in mind the size and weight of your growing children and how long you hope to use the slide in the future. In addition, take stock of the location where you will install the slide, keeping it clear of tree branches and other obstacles.
Page Share Cite Suggested Citation: Supporting Parents of Children Ages The National Academies Press. Research also demonstrates that children benefit when parents who are living in the same household are supportive of each other and are generally consistent in their expectations for the child and in their parenting behaviors.
Further, there is evidence that when parents live apart, children generally benefit if they have supportive relationships with each parent, at least in those cases in which the parents do not have negative relationships with each other.
In contrast, children are placed at risk when their parents experience conflict or when they have very different expectations for the child, regardless of whether the parents are living together or apart.
Yet despite the importance of the father-child relationship, fathers continue to be underrepresented in research on parenting and parenting support Fabiano, ; Panter-Brick et al.
Moreover, very few interventions aimed at improving mother-child relationships also target father-child or mother-father-child relationships, whether the parents are living together or apart. More research is needed on how to design parenting programs so they better engage fathers and enhance the parenting of both parents.
Research is needed to identify promising interventions for parents both in their individual relationships with their children and in their coparenting role. Research also is needed to understand how nonresident fathers can establish long-lasting warm and nurturing relationships with their children.
Although steps have been taken to increase evidence-based and empirically rigorous evaluations of fathering programs serving noncustodial fathers e.
Department of Health and Human Services, in coordination with the U. Department of Education and other relevant federal agencies, private philanthropies and foundations, researchers, and research associations focused on children and families, should increase support for studies that can inform the development Page Share Cite Suggested Citation: The research should focus not only on adult but also on child outcomes, and should be designed to shed light on the specific ways in which greater investments in co-parenting can lead to better outcomes for children.
Existing efforts to provide parenting support for both mothers and fathers should be reinforced and expanded in such programs as the Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visitation program, Head Start, and Early Head Start. Although research suggests that some parenting knowledge, attitudes, and practices vary across groups Brooks-Gunn and Markman, ; Brooks et al.
Moreover, relatively little is known about how engagement with, acceptance of, retention in, and the efficacy of interventions for parents vary across culturally and linguistically diverse subgroups. Finally, despite increasing diversity in family structure, data are lacking on how parenting, engagement in interventions and services, and efficacy of services may vary for diverse family forms e.
Filling these gaps would improve the ability of evidence-based programs and policies to support the needs of the range of families and children while addressing the needs of parents from historically marginalized and underrepresented populations.
Department of Health and Human Services and the U. Department of Education should launch a multipronged effort to support basic research on parenting and applied research on parenting interventions across diverse populations and family forms.
Basic research should include the identification of 1 key constructs and measures related to successful parenting among different populations; 2 important gaps in knowledge of how parenting practices and parent-child interactions affect child outcomes in culturally, Page Share Cite Suggested Citation: Applied intervention research should include the formation of a collaborative improvement and innovation network to develop new and adapt existing interventions for diverse groups, and support for rigorous efficacy, effectiveness, and implementation studies of the most promising programs and policies conducted in a manner consistent with Recommendation 7 above.
Engaging parents in parenting programs: Lessons from research and practice. Children and Youth Services Review, 34 10 Parent-training programs in child welfare services: Planning for a more evidence-based approach to serving biological parents.
Research on Social Work Practice, 15 5 Maternal attitudes and knowledge of child-rearing: Associations with family and child outcomes. Child Development, 67 3 Interactive behaviors of ethnic minority mothers and their premature infants. The contribution of parenting to ethnic and racial gaps in school readiness.Chapter 9 - Lifespan Development; Shared Flashcard Set.
Chapter 9 - Lifespan Development. Description. final prep. Parenting styles can be described in terms of two dimensions: A) progresses through a series of eight stages of psychosocial development.
D) is biologically programmed to learn any language. A Comparative Study of the Two Dimensions of Parenting Style and their Effects on the Self-Concept of Pre-Adolescents The term self-concept refers to the ordered set of attitudes and perceptions that an individual holds about him/ her (Wolffe ; Woolfolk and Tuttel and Tuttel ).
RESEARCH STUDIES ON PARENTING STYLES, INDIVIDUATION, AND MENTAL HEALTH IN ARAB SOCIETIES MARWAN DWAIRY Emeq Yezreel Academic College and health in eight Arab societies.
Three questionnaires were administered to 2, Arab adolescents in eight (, ) suggested two orthogonal dimensions, high-low warmth and high-low control, and. Your Child's Unique Temperament Your Child's Unique Temperament.
Dimensions of Temperament Parenting Exercise 1: Parent Observation Guide; Chapter Two: Reframing Your Perceptions of Your Child's Temperament. Chapter Eight: Fostering Independence and Looking Towards the Future.
Parenting styles are categorized based on two dimensions of parenting behavior: Demandingness refers to the extend parents control their children’s behavior or demand their maturity. Responsiveness refers to the degree parents are accepting and sensitive to their children’s emotional and developmental needs.
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