This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. During Ramadan, the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar, adult Muslims are required to refrain from taking any food, beverages, or oral drugs, as well as from sexual intercourse, between dawn and sunset. Ramadan can occur in any of the four seasons, and the hours spent fasting vary accordingly from 11 hours to 18 hours a day. Rhythms of life and habits during this fasting period differ from one country to another.
Are any drugs safe during pregnancy? Why are pregnant women warned not to use drugs? But the same is not always true for a fetus. Drug-using mothers often give birth to "drug babies.
Studies show that using drugs -- legal or illegal -- during pregnancy has a direct impact on the fetus. If you smoke, drink alcohol, or ingest caffeineso does the fetus.
If you use marijuana or crystal methyour fetus also feels the impact of these dangerous drugs. The consequences of using cocaine include heart attacksrespiratory failure, strokes, and seizures. And these life-threatening health problems can also be passed to an unborn baby. Taking drugs during pregnancy also increases the chance of birth defectspremature babies, underweight babies, and stillborn births.
Exposure to drugs such as marijuana -- also called weed, ganja, dope, or pot -- and alcohol before birth has been proven to cause behavior problems in early childhood.
In addition, some findings show that babies born to women who use cocaine, alcohol, or tobacco when they are pregnant may have brain structure changes that persist into early adolescence.
According to the National Institute on Drug Abuseexposure to cocaine in the womb can lead to subtle, yet significant, deficits later in children. These deficits usually show up in areas such as cognitive performance, information-processing, and attention to tasks.
These are areas that are vital for success not just in school, but in life. Continued Which drugs have the most serious consequences for the fetus? Taking almost any drug during pregnancy can have serious consequences for the fetus.
For instance, babies who are exposed to cocaine have a tendency to have smaller heads that indicate a lower IQ. Cocaine-exposed babies have a higher risk of birth defects that impact the urinary tract or heart. Cocaine may also cause a stroke in an unborn fetus, resulting in brain damage or even death.
Using cocaine or methamphetamine -- also called speed, Tinacrank, or ice -- increases the risk of miscarriage early in the pregnancy.
Later in the pregnancy, these illicit drugs may cause pre-term labor and low birth weightas well as babies who are irritable and have feeding difficulties. Pregnant women who smoke marijuana face a higher risk of premature birth and low birth weight. Smoking pot may cause developmental delays in the child.
And after delivery, babies who have been exposed to marijuana seem to undergo withdrawal symptoms with excessive crying and trembling. What about cigarette smoking during pregnancy? Cigarette smoking causes serious illness and premature death in the general population.
But pregnant women who smoke pass the nicotine and other carcinogenic chemicals to the growing fetus. Sadly, most infants with congenital heart defects die in the first year of life. Those infants who survive often face lengthy hospital stays and numerous surgeries along with a lifetime of disabilities.
Women who smoke are also more likely to have placenta problems. This is a serious concern because the placenta provides nourishment to the baby in the womb. Smokers also have low-birth-weight babies, premature deliveries, and babies with cleft palate.
In addition, smoking during pregnancy and after delivery is one of the causes associated with sudden infant death syndrome SIDS. Does drinking during pregnancy cause fetal alcohol syndrome?
Fetal alcohol syndrome FAS and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders FASD refer to a range of disorders caused by drinking alcohol during pregnancy. Fetal alcohol syndrome can cause abnormal facial features, growth deficiency, and problems with the central nervous system.
Children with fetal alcohol syndrome may also have learning disabilitiesattention span disorders, and other physical disabilities, including vision and hearing problems.Effects of Drugs Taken During Pregnancy. The timing within the period of pregnancy also influences the effects of fetal damage related to drug use.
For example, “Caffeine Intake During Pregnancy.” American srmvision.com 2 September Web.
18 April 9. “Cocaine and Pregnancy.”. Learn more about the effects of smoking, drinking alcohol, and drug use during pregnancy in this patient education FAQ. Birth defects and other side effects are usually a result of prolonged use, but because studies are inconclusive, it is best to avoid cocaine altogether.
Cocaine is a very addictive drug and experimentation often leads to abuse of the drug. unauthorized re‐use of these materials are strictly prohibited. 1 FDA Safety Reporting – Should happen upon drug intake – Possible risks and side effects based on the drug – Precautions and special monitoring required for the study.
The Effects of Prohibited Drug Intake on Human Behavior. Topics: Oxygen THE EFFECTS OF DRUG ABUSE ON The Effects of Drug Abuse On the Human Race Donnetia L. Simmons Springfield College, Charleston The Effects of Drug Abuse On the Human Race Although. An understanding of drug dependence requires knowledge of the factors responsible for development, maintenance, and elimination of drug self-administration, and of the effects of the self-administered drug on other ongoing biobehavioral processes.