It is rated PG for mild language and some scenes of violence. There are 4 episodes that each cover different periods of the Inquisition. I show parts of the episodes on the Spanish inquisition and the inquisition during the Renaissance. These probably could be used as full episodes.
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The age of Reformation and Counter-Reformation The most traumatic era in the entire history of Roman Catholicism, some have argued, was the period from the middle of the 14th century to the middle of the 16th.
This was the time when Protestantismthrough its definitive break with Roman Catholicism, arose to take its place on the Christian map.
The spectre of many national churches supplanting a unitary Catholic church became a grim reality during the age of the Reformation. What neither heresy nor schism had been able to do before—divide Western Christendom permanently and irreversibly—was done by a movement that confessed a loyalty to the orthodox creeds of Christendom and professed an abhorrence for schism.
By the time the Reformation was over, a number of new Christian churches had emerged and the Roman Catholic Church had come to define its place in the new order. Roman Catholicism and the Protestant Reformation Whatever its nonreligious causes may have been, the Protestant Reformation arose within Roman Catholicism; there both its positive accomplishments and its negative effects had their roots.
The standing of the church within the political order and the class structure of western Europe was irrevocably altered in the course of the later Middle Ages. By the time Protestantism arose to challenge the spiritual authority of Romehowever, the papacy had squandered some of its recovered prestige in its attempts to establish its preeminence in Italian politics.
Indeed, the popes were so involved in Italian cultural and political affairs that they had little appreciation of the seriousness of the Protestant movement. The medieval political structure too had undergone change, and nationalism had become a more important force; it is not a coincidence that the Reformation first appeared in Germanywhere animosity toward Rome had long existed and memories of the papal-imperial conflict lingered.
Accompanying these sociopolitical forces in the crisis of late medieval Roman Catholicism were spiritual and theological factors that also helped to bring about the Protestant Reformation.
By the end of the 15th century there was a widely held impression that the papacy refused to reform itself, despite the relative success of the Fifth Lateran Council —17which was called by Pope Julius II. The church also was plagued by the perception that professional theologians were more interested in scholastic debates than in the practical matters of everyday Christian belief and practice.
Despite, or because of, the rampant abuses of the hierarchythere were efforts to reform the church. The most notable reformers were the Christian humanists, including Erasmus and Thomas Morewho advocated an evangelical piety and rejected many of the medieval superstitions that had crept into church teaching.
Although condemned for heresy, Girolamo Savonarola represented the ascetic reformist piety that existed in the late 15th century. The answer that he eventually found, the conviction that God is merciful not because of anything that the sinner can do but because of a freely given grace that is received by faith alone the doctrine of justification by faithwas not utterly without precedent in the Roman Catholic theological tradition, but, in the form in which Luther stated it, there appeared to be a fundamental threat to Catholic teaching and sacramental life.
And in his treatise The Babylonian Captivity of the Churchissued inLuther denounced the entire system of medieval Christendom as an unwarranted human invention foisted on the church. Luther insisted throughout his life, however, that the primary object of his critique was not the life but the doctrine of the church—not the corruption of the ecclesiastical structure but the distortion of the gospel.
Thus, the pope was the Antichrist because he represented and enforced a substitute religion in which the true church, the bride of Christ, had been replaced by—and identified with—an external juridical institution that laid claim to the obedience due to God himself.
When, after repeated warnings, Luther refused such obedience, he was excommunicated by Pope Leo X in The sale of indulgences in church; woodcut from the title page of Luther's pamphlet On Aplas von Rom, published anonymously in Augsburg, Sources.
For controversial matter see any Catholic or Protestant textbooks. The Catholic standard work is BELLARMINE, Disputations de Controversiis Christianoe fidei etc.
(4 vols., Rome, ); on the Protestant side: GERHARD, Loci Theologici, etc. (9 vols., Berlin, ).For the historical, political, and social history of Protestantism the best works are: DÖLLINGER, Die Reformation (3.
Objective: You are to practice creating essay outlines, the content of which will also assist you in reviewing for the quiz that will take place tomorrow.
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Lesson Plan and Procedures: Prior to officially being known as the Protestant Reformation, two men stepped forward to challenge the church. The first, John Wycliff, was born in England about He believed that the church should give up its earthly possessions.
Students should review previous activities and notes. It may be helpful. Protestant Reformation – Essay Outline Review Activity Objective: You are to practice creating essay outlines, the content of which will also assist. Protestant Reformation Review study guide by MsKentMHS includes 28 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more.
Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. How To Discern, Test & Judge Rightly by Sandy Simpson This DVD is a message based on this article.. In running a web site with thousands of articles, million hits per month from all over the world, and hundreds of e-mails per week, I have come to realize, with time, that there is a terrible problem in Christendom today.