Sri Lanka lies to the south, Maldives to the south-west and has maritime boundary 8 Indonesia to the south-east of India in the Indian Ocean. The Republic of India is the seventh largest country in the world by area and, with over a billion people, is second only to China in population, although its much higher birth-rate makes it likely to reach pole position in less than ten years. It is an extremely diverse country, with vast differences in geography, climate, culture, language and ethnicity across its expanse, and prides itself on being the largest democracy on Earth and a hub of trade in Southeast Asia.
Indian independence movement European traders had established outposts in the Indian subcontinent by the 17th century. Through overwhelming military strength, the British East India company subdued local kingdoms and established themselves as the dominant force by the 18th century. In the decades following, civic society gradually emerged across India, most notably the Indian National Congress Partyformed in The discontent of this period crystallised into nationwide non-violent movements of non-cooperation and civil disobedience, led by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.
The escalating political tension was capped by Independence in The jubilation was tempered by the bloody partition of the subcontinent into India and Pakistan.
Immediate background[ edit ] Inthe Labour government in Britain, its exchequer exhausted by the recently concluded World War IIrealised that it had neither the mandate at home, the international support, nor the reliability of native forces for continuing to control an increasingly restless India.
Partition and independence[ edit ] Swearing in of governor general and ministers at Government House Procession of ministers to Constituent Assembly State drive to Constituent Assembly Royal salute to governor general Hoisting of national flag at Constituent Assembly State drive to Government House Flag ceremony at India Gate Official dinner at Government House Reception at Government office.
In all, betweenand 1, people on both sides of the new borders died in the violence. At the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom.
A moment comes, which comes but rarely in history, when we step out from the old to the new, when an age ends, and when the soul of a nation, long suppressed, finds utterance.
It is fitting that at this solemn moment, we take the pledge of dedication to the service of India and her people and to the still larger cause of humanity. A group of women, representing the women of India, formally presented the national flag to the assembly.
The Dominion of India became an independent country as official ceremonies took place in New Delhi. Nehru assumed office as the first prime ministerand the viceroy, Lord Mountbattencontinued as its first governor general. Instead, he marked the day with a hour fast, during which he spoke to a crowd in Calcutta, encouraging peace between Hindu and Muslim.
Twenty-one gun shots are fired in honour of the solemn occasion. He pays tribute to the leaders of the Indian independence movement.Prime Minister of the India hoist a national Flag here (on the ramparts of the Lahori Gate) every year on the most important Indian occasion of Independence Day, 15 th of August.
It has been selected as one of the World Heritage Sites in by the UNESCO.
Paleolithic era. Remains (stone tools and a skull) in central India show presence of an early species of man, Homo erectus. Archeologists think they lived in India between , to , years ago. This period is known as the paleolithic era.. The earliest archaeological site in the subcontinent is the paleolithic hominid site in the Soan River valley.
Jun 11, · This video contains important concepts and formulas of network srmvision.com will work as a short note for srmvision.com solving network theory questions you . Agra Fort: Agra Fort, large 16th-century fortress of red sandstone located on the Yamuna River in the historic city of Agra, west-central Uttar Pradesh, north-central India.
It was established by the Mughal emperor Akbar and, in its capacity as both a military base and a royal residence, served as the seat of. The Gateway of India is a monument in Mumbai (formerly known as Bombay). It is situated on the waterfront in Apollo Bunder area in South Mumbai.
It was a formerly a crude jetty used by fisher folks and was later renovated and used as a landing place for British governors and other distinguished personages. The gate has witnessed . word essay for college india gate write an essay about your birthday in spanish gif words french essay on mahatma gandhi in hindi persuasive essay numericals with answers 10 page essay on child labour in india for class important essay topics for 10 class 2 page essay about family is how many words in a years old essay.