Make checks payable to Regents of the University of California Fun and friends! Mail or drop off checks in advance to: Many observers are optimistic, however, that the eighth-round talks, scheduled to take place in the first week of March, will be the final round of talks before both pronounce the completion of negotiations.
Fedotova, Anastasia, and Mueller-Wille, Staffan The panel will be devoted to economically significant species as research objects and their impact on research agendas, methods, strategies, and institutional frameworks in natural history and biology. The topic is deliberately conceived as a very broad one that could potentially encompass a vast array of disciplinary fields within the life sciences.
The panellists will consider research on such objects as crops, officinal plants, domesticated animals, fish and wildlife game species, insect pests, and species transmitting contagious diseases. It makes sense that economically significant species have always enjoyed better chances to become privileged research objects; however, there are numerous examples also when some of these species remained under-researched for a long time.
The economic, ecological or medical significance of a given species may considerably vary from one national or regional context to another and from one point of time to a different century or decade.
Technological changes, in particular, would inevitably lead to enhancing the importance of some species that previously never attracted focussed attention, while other species would cease to be treated as a valuable resource or commodity deserving such attention. The focus on economically significant species may have provided a convenient strategy to legitimise and enhance the credibility of a particular research agenda in the eyes of academic administrations and private and public sponsors.
But even if the choice of some of these species as principal research objects was thus often pragmatically motivated, it could still lead to substantial changes in the institutional and methodological landscapes of science. In earlier periods in the history of life sciences, for example, local agents — farmers, craftsmen and entrepreneurs, hunters and healers, etc.
Growing awareness of the economic importance of such species by the state would thus have pressured metropolitan scholars into changing social and institutional arrangements to tap into these knowledge sources at the periphery, forcing them to leave their familiar environment and relocate to new, often challenging and potentially dangerous milieus.
At the same time, knowledge gathered in this way needed to be reported back and systematized, often causing major changes in the material culture and publication regimes of science. The Disunity of Plants and the Unity of Economies Research on the history of the economic impact of plants has hitherto focused mainly on cultivated species.
The role of wild plants, on the other hand, has been widely ignored. In fact, uncultivated plants have never been as economically important as the potato, the tomato or the carnation on a global scale. However, they still played a certain role at the trans-national economic level. Spikenard or nard oil, also called nard or nardin, an extract from the roots of the valerian plant, is one of those natural substances that had economic significance.
For centuries, this essential oil enjoyed great popularity as a versatile medicinal and hygiene product due to its intense fragrance and its refreshing, almost camphorous effects. Traditionally, nard oil was made from plants that came from different regions.
As early as in ancient times, Indian, Syrian and mountain varieties were known and distinguished. The best spikenard in terms of fragrance comes from a small alpine region in Carinthia and Styria, where even mountain summits are called after the herb Speikkogel.
This activity proved to be a profitable secondary occupation for farmers and shepherds of this mountain region, and was even promoted by eighteenth century physiocratism.
Over the course of time, knowledge about different places of origin and substitute plants such as lavender increased. This is surprising all the more because genuine spikenard is very different from other valerian species.
It was exported from Carinthia Koralpe and Styria to the Levant. From the sixteenth century to the s, it was a most popular commodity of the Austrian monarchy. Its continuous economic significance can be seen as a consistent longue duree.
At the same time, insights about different species and botanical knowledge increased considerably. Trade knowledge was based on the regional culture and non-academic knowledge. However, due to the cultural and economic significance of the plant, apothecaries and botanists increasingly influenced and interfered in this field.
It was not before the end of the nineteenth century that different subspecies could be identified, which substantiated the differences between the plants from the Western and those from the Eastern Alps, also according to their odour intensity. The cultural and knowledge history of the spikenard plant as resource can be used as an example to illustrate the simultaneous development of and the encounter between science and economy.
This special research object also highlights the spatial interconnection between the regional and the global dimension between field science and taxonomy. The project failed and I argue that the explanation for this should be analyzed through the perspective of the image of marine Environment that existed in the heads of the educated society of the age.
The very idea of whaling as profitable and advanced industry appeared after the Grand Embassy, when Peter I visited the Dutch whaling fleet that returned after the successful season from Spitsbergen in These impressions formed the base for the governmental decisions in combination with observations of the European economic practices and the projects provided by the interested actors.
Theerefore, Government based the activities in this sphere on the idea of the whales as easily accessible resource. At the same time, the Pomors of the Russian North for centuries had clear practical knowledge of marine animals hunt.
They were quite experienced and successful in the blubber connerce based on the hunt for seals and walruses. However, as it became evident by the late 18th century, the peasants of the Russian North understood very well unprofitability of blubber extraction based on the whales in comparison to their traditional strategies.
The paper will present and discuss the contest of these two complexes of knowledge that eventually resulted with the failure of the governmental plans. Chudzkoe-Pskovskoe ozero is a large natural lake situated in the basin of the Gulf of Finland Baltic Sea.
This lakesystem has been since historical times famous for its rich fish production and thus has played a very important role in the local economic and social life.The Three Gorges Dam, according to some, has the potential to be one of China's largest environmental nightmares (Hvinstendahl ).
That said, one of the most immediate environmental effects of the Three Gorges Dam has been an increase in landslide activity. Find out about some Indigenous sustainability practices and perspectives on land management in this audio interview with a spokesperson from the Caring for Country conference.
Listen as he explains how traditional knowledge of the land and cultural significance guide Aboriginal environmental sustainability. The Commission of 12 appointed experts from different fields was established in response to adverse effects of dam construction, coupled with an extensive period of protest from activist groups, both local and international, in Narmada and other hotspots of similar contentious dam construction programmes such as the Three Gorges in China.
Three Gorges Dam Essay Examples. 4 total results. An Analysis of the Environmental and Geographical Problems of China. words. 2 pages. A Study on the Construction of the Three Gorges Dam. 4, words. 11 pages. The Yangtze and Yellow River in the People Republic of China and Asia.
1, words. Three Gorges Dam in China.
Probe International, a Canadian environmentalist group, has released a second edition, , of DAMMING THE THREE GORGES: WHAT THE DAM BUILDERS DON'T WANT YOU TO KNOW (the first edition was in , from a study), edited by .
Sustainable Environmental Design Essay Examples. 0 examples. 0 Tag’s. Order now. Categories Environmental Earth Science () Environmental Economics and Policy () Forestry and Natural Resources () While watching the video on the construction of the Three Gorges Dam I almost immediately believed that this construction was.