It was his final work and the twelve books of the poem occupied him for about ten years from 29 BCE until his death in 19 BCE.
Origin Theories The many opinions offered concerning the origin of the Phoenicians seem to coalesce around four basic theories.
The oldest of these theories was conveyed to us by the ancient Greek historian Herodotus, who suggested the Phoenicians had come from the Red Erythraean Sea.
Herodotus documented this legend on the opening page of his Histories: Originally, these people came to our sea from the Red Sea, as it is known. No sooner had they settled in the land they still inhabit than they turned to overseas travel. Maurice Dunand, who performed some of the highly revealing archaeological excavations at Byblos, was among the people whose data supported this conclusion.
Gerhard Herm and others have espoused this view. Those excavations have shown there was no destruction or societal change in these cities at that time.
The remaining theory, which has become popular in some academic circles, is that Phoenician cities existed prior to B.
This theory does not claim the Sea Peoples attacked the Phoenician cities. In fact it notes exactly the opposite. It states the Sea Peoples conquered only the surrounding peoples in the Levant, [vii] causing those people to become different than the Phoenicians.
Because of this, the Phoenicians are then said to have emerged as a separate people only after B. A history that can rightly be called Phoenician started in the 12th century B.
The Course of History Sandro Filippo Bondi Given its recent visibility, perhaps it is best to begin by considering this fourth theory. The observation made by Moscati and Bondi, that the Sea Peoples did not attack the Phoenician cities, is a significant one. Archaeological excavations such as the one made at Tyre in by Patricia Bikai [x] and at Sarepta modern Sarafand by James Pritchard [xi] have shown conclusively that there was no widespread destruction circa B.
Ongoing excavations at other Phoenician cities are less definitive, but are consistent with those findings.
This theory accepts those results. It also accepts the findings of other archaeologists who have detected signs of destruction at surrounding cities in the Levant at that time, which showed the impact of the arriving Sea Peoples.
However the proposal in this theory that the Phoenicians were differentiated from the surrounding peoples only after B. Let us examine that assertion.
While it is true that everyone who lived in the region known as Canaan could be called Canaanite, just as every person who lived in Europe could be called European, we do not know whether they all lived in the same society—or in different societies—until we examine their history, culture and practices.
Each time, the public buildings and homes in Byblos had been rebuilt, and the city continued. The newly-arrived, land-oriented, military force of the Amorites clearly had an adversarial relationship with the well-established, sea-oriented and relatively peaceful Phoenicians.
The assertion that those two societies were so identical that they could not be differentiated is a proposition which clearly fails.
To further examine data for the time prior to B. The Phoenicians, in their cities, were sea traders who continued to worship and respect many gods.In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
The term is sometimes used to refer only to the kingdom and republic periods, excluding the subsequent empire. The Aeneid is an epic poem that tells the story of Prince Aenas of Troy It was supposedly written by the poet Virgil over two thousand years ago.
The story starts with the fall of Troy and tells about Prince Aenas and the survivors of Troy. Greek literature: Greek literature, body of writings in the Greek language, with a continuous history extending from the 1st millennium bc to the present day. From the beginning its writers were Greeks living not only in Greece proper but also in Asia Minor, the Aegean Islands, and Magna Graecia (Sicily and southern.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
The term is sometimes used to refer only to the kingdom and republic periods, excluding the subsequent empire.
Aeneid By Virgil Written 19 B.C.E Translated by John Dryden Analysis Jazymn Talley SNHU Analysis The intention of Virgil 's poem, Aeneid, is to romanticize the origins of the Roman Empire. Aeneid shares many characteristic to Grecian writer Homer 's Epic poems the Iliad and the Odyssey. The Aeneid by the Roman poet Virgil is an epic poem in 12 books that tells the story of the foundation of Rome from the ashes of Troy.
It was probably written down in Rome from BC during the.