When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. APA American Psychological Association style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences.
This can be frustrating, and students might be tempted to use whatever information they can remember, without citing it. Students can simply avoid this by printing every online document they find useful. Be detailed and photocopy all information you will need to later cite the source properly.
For most works of literature, the information you will need to cite includes: Author—Creator or compiler of the information; for web sites this may be the Webmaster or the owning organization.
Title—Title of the document; for web sites this is usually found at the top of the Web page. Publisher--the person or organization responsible for the material. Day, month, year—Date published; for web sites this would be the date that the Web page was put online; should be the same as the "last updated" date if available.
Access date—For web sites only, this is the date you viewed the Web page or accessed the information. They must match the source document word for word and must be attributed to the original author.
A paraphrase must also be attributed to the original source. Paraphrased material is usually shorter than the original passage, taking a somewhat broad segment of the source and condensing it slightly.
Once again, it is necessary to attribute summarized ideas to the original source. Summaries are significantly shorter than a paraphrase because summaries take a broader overview of the source material. Why use quotations, paraphrases, and summaries? Quotations, paraphrases, and summaries serve many purposes.
You might use them to: Finally, you should rotate use of all three methods to add stylistic variety to your paper.
Some examples to compare… The original passage the quote: Students frequently overuse direct quotation in taking notes, and as a result they overuse quotations in the final paper.
Therefore, you should strive to limit the amount of exact transcribing of source materials while taking notes. In research papers students often quote excessively, failing to keep quoted material down to a desirable level.
Since the problem usually originates during note taking, it is essential to minimize the material recorded verbatim Lester Students should take just a few notes in direct quotation from sources to help minimize the amount of quoted material in a research paper Lester Students often use too many direct quotations when they take notes, resulting in too many of them in the final research paper.
So It is important to limit the amount of source material copied while taking notes.
Why is this passage plagiarized? Because there is no citation given at the end of the passage. Intertwining all Three in a Body Paragraph Writers frequently intertwine summaries, paraphrases, and quotations.
As part of a summary of an article, a chapter, or a book, a writer might include paraphrases of various key points blended with quotations of striking or suggestive phrases as in the following example: According to Freud, actual suppressed unacceptable desires are censored internally and subjected to "coding" through layers of "condensation and displacement" before emerging in a kind of "rebus puzzle" in the dream itself page [paraphrase with some quoted key terms].
Write it in Your Own Words Paraphrasing can be tricky, and requires some additional practice.Plagiarism also includes using academic papers for sale or allowing another person to write any section of the student’s assignment. Students frequently overuse direct quotation in taking notes, and as a result they overuse quotations in the final paper.
use verbs that underscore the author's purpose in writing the original article. Quoting and Referencing in academic writing needs to be consistent and conform to the preferred style of the college, university or journal editorial policy.
Resources, information and exercises for international students and teachers of English. Avoiding Plagiarism - Paraphrasing In writing papers, you will paraphrase more than you will quote. For a report or research paper, you may need to gather background information that is important to the paper but not worthy of direct quotation.
Use a direct quotation only if the exact phrasing of the original material is crucial to your point. If you can paraphrase the idea in your own words, do so.
Use quotation marks around the words you are borrowing directly from another source. The types of evidence you use will depend in part on the conventions of the discipline or audience for which you are writing.
For example, papers analyzing literature may rely heavily on direct quotations of the text, while papers in the social sciences may have . How to Quote a Source. Introducing a quotation; Formatting a quotation; Punctuating with quotation marks; Introducing a quotation.
One of your jobs as a writer is to guide your reader through your text. Don't simply drop quotations into your paper and leave it to the reader to make connections.