Origins[ edit ] Chaucer as a pilgrim from the Ellesmere manuscript Geoffrey Chaucer was born in London sometime aroundthough the precise date and location of his birth remain unknown.
While he achieved fame during his lifetime as an author, philosopher, alchemist and astronomer, composing a scientific treatise on the astrolabe for his ten year-old son Lewis, Chaucer also maintained an active career in the civil service as a bureaucrat, courtier and diplomat.
Chaucer is a crucial figure in developing the legitimacy of the vernacular, Middle English, at a time when the dominant literary languages in England were French and Latin. Life Geoffrey Chaucer was born in London sometime aroundthough the precise date and location of his birth remain unknown.
His father and grandfather were both London vintners; several previous generations had been merchants in Ipswich. His family name derives from the French chausseur, meaning "shoemaker". John Chaucer married Agnes Copton, who, ininherited properties including 24 shops in London from her uncle, Hamo de Copton, who is described in a will dated April 3, and listed in the City Hustings Roll as "moneyer"; he was said to be moneyer at the Tower of London.
While records concerning the lives of his contemporary poets, William Langland and the Pearl Poet are practically non-existent, since Chaucer was a public servant, his official life is very well documented, with nearly five hundred written items testifying to his career.
She was married to Lionel, Duke of Clarence, the second surviving son of the king, Edward III, and the position brought the teenage Chaucer into the close court circle, where he was to remain for the rest of his life.
He also worked as a courtier, a diplomat, and a civil servant, as well as working for the king, collecting and inventorying scrap metal.
Inhe was captured during the siege of Rheims.
AroundChaucer married Philippa de Roet. It is uncertain how many children Chaucer and Philippa had, but three or four are most commonly cited. His son, Thomas Chaucer, had an illustrious career, as chief butler to four kings, envoy to France, and Speaker of the House of Commons.
Chaucer probably studied law in the Inner Temple an Inn of Court at this time. He became a member of the royal court of Edward III as a varlet de chambre, yeoman, or esquire on 20 Junea position which could entail a wide variety of tasks.
His wife also received a pension for court employment. He travelled abroad many times, at least some of them in his role as a valet. Two other literary stars of the era were in attendance: Jean Froissart and Petrarch. Around this time, Chaucer is believed to have written The Book of the Duchess in honour of Blanche of Lancaster, the late wife of John of Gaunt, who died in Chaucer travelled to Picardy the next year as part of a military expedition, and visited Genoa and Florence in Numerous scholars such as Skeat, Boitani, and Rowland suggested that, on this Italian trip, he came into contact with Petrarch or Boccaccio.
They introduced him to medieval Italian poetry, the forms and stories of which he would use later. The purposes of a voyage in are mysterious, as details within the historical record conflict. Later documents suggest it was a mission, along with Jean Froissart, to arrange a marriage between the future King Richard II and a French princess, thereby ending the Hundred Years War.
If this was the purpose of their trip, they seem to have been unsuccessful, as no wedding occurred. It has been speculated that it was Hawkwood on whom Chaucer based his character the Knight in the Canterbury Tales, for a description matches that of a fourteenth-century condottiere.
A possible indication that his career as a writer was appreciated came when Edward III granted Chaucer "a gallon of wine daily for the rest of his life" for some unspecified task. Chaucer continued to collect the liquid stipend until Richard II came to power, after which it was converted to a monetary grant on 18 April Geoffrey Chaucer Biography.
Read biographical information including facts, poetic works, awards, and the life story and history of Geoffrey Chaucer. This short biogrpahy feature on Geoffrey Chaucer will help you learn about one of the best famous poet poets of all-time.
These are ready-to-use Geoffrey Chaucer worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about Geoffrey Chaucer who was an English poet during the Middle Ages. He is considered the Father of English Poetry and the first to be buried at Poets’ Corner, in Westminster Abbey. Geoffrey Chaucer (/ ˈ tʃ ɔː s ər /; c.
– 25 October ), known as the Father of English literature, is widely considered the greatest English poet of the Middle Ages.
He was the first poet to be buried in Poets' Corner of Westminster Abbey. Geoffrey Chaucer's biography and life srmvision.comey Chaucer known as the Father of English literature, is widely considered the greatest English poet of the Middle Ages and was the first poet to have been buried i.
Geoffrey Chaucer Biography Geoffrey Chaucer, hailed as the Father of English literature, was the greatest English poet of the Middle Ages. Check out this biography to know about his childhood, family, life, and srmvision.com Of Birth: London, United Kingdom.
Geoffrey Chaucer, hailed as the Father of English literature, was the greatest English poet of the Middle Ages. Check out this biography to know about his childhood, family, life, and srmvision.com: Philippa Roet.